Globally, extreme poverty has rapidly declined. New poverty estimates by the World Bank suggest that the number of extremely poor people — those who live on .90 a day or less — has fallen from 1.9 billion in 1990 to about 736 million in 2015. .
There has been remarkable progress in reducing mortality among children and young adolescents in the past several decades. Between 1990 and 2017, the global under-five mortality rate dropped by 58 percent from 93 deaths per 1,000 live births to 39 deaths per 1,000 live births. During the last 17 years, the reduction in under-five mortality rates accelerated to an average 4% annual reduction, compared to an average 1.9% annual reduction between 1990 and 2000. .
Over 75% of young children in upper-middle- and high-income countries attend pre-primary schools, compared with one in three in lower-middle-income countries. One in five children in low-income countries is enrolled in pre-primary education.
Children with pre-primary education have better attendance and achievement in primary school. .
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