The great 1848-1855 is historically paramount to Native American Indian history in California — it was estimated that some 300,000 immigrants poured into California during this seven-year period effectively tripling California's population.
It's been estimated that some BILLION (2002 dollars) in gold was mined from California tribal lands between 1849 and 1862.
When James Marshall discovered gold at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California, on January 24th, 1848, it was estimated there were some 150,000 Indigenous Native American Indians living in California.In 1848, Indians in California outnumbered whites by 10 to one — can you imagine that — walking out of your house today and hiking to your favorite park or beach in an 1848 California countryside?
By 1870 (22 years later) it was estimated there were only 30,000 Indians left living in California mostly as a result of the California Gold Rush and the onslaught of white immigrant settlers as their foreign diseases and U.S. government-sanctioned genocide were systematically wiping out the California indigenous populations — better known today as — 120,000 California aboriginal Indians were lost in this 22-year period.
By 1900 it was estimated that less than 16,000 California Indians had survived the invasion of their homelands (some 134,000 California Indians were lost during this 52-year period while the United States Government was in control of California).
It is believed the — one of the largest and strongest pre-contact tribal groups in California — had only 1,000 surviving tribal members at the turn of the 20th century (1900).
KUMEYAAY GOLD history in (very near the present-day , a sovereign Indian nation) — some million of gold was taken out of the Julian Eagle and High Peak Mine during the 1870s from deep in the heart of ."Gold! Gold! Gold from the American River!"
Overall, non-Indians took billions of today's dollars in gold and minerals from traditional California Native American tribal lands during the California Gold Rush. Forty-niners, gold rush poster, California gold maps pictures below.
The California Gold Rush 1848-1855 in particular was catastrophic to the indigenous population and their tribal lands — it was estimated that some 300,000 foreigners poured into California during this seven-year period — 150,000 were said to have come to California by land, and 150,000 more immigrants came by sea — can you imagine what it must have been like to be a Native Californian and witness this bloody armed invasion of your homelands?
SAN FRANCISCO BAY 1851 — European immigrants profited greatly from mining gold and minerals from the Kumeyaay Lands and the West Coast prospered and grew rich at the expense of the indigenous populations...San Francisco in particular is well known for gaining extreme wealth during the California Gold Rush era. The effects of the Gold Rush were enormous. San Francisco grew from a small village of about 200 residents in 1846 to a boomtown of some 36,000 people by 1852.
TURN OF THE 21st CENTURY — TODAY:
Today's modern 21st century American Indian native survivors...quote statistics, total tribes in CA, SD, ect...
— at least the federally-recognized tribes — have been granted legal status as SOVEREIGN INDIAN NATIONS by treaties and agreements with the United States government.
KUMEYAAY TIMELINE and History — 12,000 years in San Diego County:
Click for another webmaster historical essay about .
SAN DIEGO Tribal Culture — Gathering, Singing, Dancing:
Click for and national pow-wow for traditional singing, dancing of Kumeyaay and North American Indian tribes.
KUMEYAAY OPINION editorial letters to the Kumeyaay editor
(Submit your opinions, photos to Kumeyaay Information Village Website for publication).
pictured at top of this page:
Some of the world's largest natural gold nuggets were professionally photographed in a group alongside a U.S. dime for scale. Gold courtesy of the , an incredible private natural gold collection in a famous Southern California coin shop.GOLD FEVER:
Page written and designed GARY G. BALLARD, Kumeyaay Webmaster, professional Web blogger, multi-media journalist.